The calendar is available at the Family History Library.
It may also be available through other genealogical organizations. A Calendar Converter. History Pre-historical and historical times are usually divided by the time when a written record appears. Historical times in Norway then starts around A. Prior to this time the record depends upon archeological information.
The earliest settlements in Norway occurred around the coastline around B. As the ice decreased, the population and the areas they populated increased. The oldest known Agrarian Society was from around B. Until King Harald Fairhair united Norway in , the country was divided into small warring kingdoms. From that time forth the country existed, with few exceptions, much as we know it today. The Viking Age The Viking age was a time of expansion. The population increased and new land was cleared.
The expansion was not confined within the borders of the country, but the Viking sailed the seas and traveled by land. They settled Iceland and Greenland as well as conquering and ruling parts of France and Britain. Many place names in these areas are still reminders of the Vikings. Genetic studies in our time shows that the people of Yorkshire are genetically closer to Norwegians than to the Englishmen a couple of counties shires away.
Christianity Many of the Vikings, who traveled throughout Europe and elsewhere, accepted Christianity. It landed in Bergen around , and over the next years spread to the rest of the country. For over years several kinds of pestilence surged through the nation and reduced the population by somewhere between one-half, and two-thirds. This was devastating to the economy as well, because much income was lost to the nation due to the fact that large tracts of land were unused.
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The Norwegian nobility was reduced from families to only Since the noble class had a lot of influence, and in essence ruled, Denmark became the stronger of the two countries in the union. This Union lasted until , when Sweden finally managed to break away after rebelling against it since The union between Denmark and Norway lasted until Reformation In the meantime the reformation swept many parts of Europe and was adopted by Denmark and Norway under decision from Copenhagen in The church lost it power, and the church-owned land became the possession of the King and the strength and influence of the Danish nobility and king increased.
Union och demokrati
He had the support of England, who applied pressure on Denmark. It had for some time been a climate for a union between Norway and Sweden, and it now became a reality. When Norway entered into the union with Sweden, it put an end to years of constant border conflicts, sometimes more like a full scale war. Norway adopted its own constitution under protest of the Swedish king , and the move for total independence grew stronger. From then on the king was a titular head only. Geography Norway is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe.
It covers an area of , square miles.
Norway and the Union with Sweden
It is a long narrow country, with borders to Russia and Finland to the north-east and Sweden to the east. The country consists of some of the most rugged and spectacular mountainous terrain in the world. Because of these fjords, the coast line of Norway, if it was stretched out in a straight line, would extend more than halfway around the world at the equator. Most of the land mass of Norway is made up of mountains and wilderness, much of it above the timberline.
Because of the rugged nature of the land, the communities tend to be somewhat far apart, nestled in narrow valleys or coastal towns. Almost half the country, lengthwise, is above the Arctic Circle. The Gulf Stream, coming from the Gulf of Mexico, makes the climate fairly temperate, especially along the west coast. Maps and Gazetteers Various maps and gazetteers are available for reference use.
These are generally good for getting oriented in the area of research, as well as pinpointing the locality of interest. The following maps and gazetteers are available at the Family History Library. Statens Kartverk has produced a wonderful map collection for Norway with more than maps.
This collection is available here at the Family History Library for your use. It includes a place name index to the maps in a three volume set of books. You will find that each volume includes a code designation and instructions on how to use the indexes in English as well as in Norwegian. Volume 1 represents southern Norway, volume 2 mid-Norway and volume 3 northern Norway. Each volume includes an index of place names for each region they represent, with a reference to the coordinates for the place on the map.
The maps are detailed and easy to use. The Norsk Stedsfortegnelse Norwegian Place Index , this edition is one of the most used gazetteers for Norway. It is an index to most current place names in Norway, such as farms, villages, towns, and cities. The Norsk stedfortegnelse Norwegian place index is another much used gazetteer published by the Norwegian Postal Service in Gaardnavne Farm names by O.
Rygh , is a comprehensive work listing the farm names of Norway from early on up to the year It explains the origin of these names, as well as when a given farm split off from another farm and became independently owned. It is indexed by county. Jurisdictions The King was the absolute ruler, and he made the final decisions in all matters that came before him from any branch of the government.
When you look closer at these different jurisdictions, you can really see how the geological features of an area influence the borders, something that you have to take into consideration when you do genealogical research.
Life's a party on May 17 - Norway's National Day
In the north it divides Norway and Sweden, in the south it runs down the middle of the country more or less. Note all the lines on the map. These are valleys with rivers cutting into the mountains. To the outside the mountains are lower, towards the middle, higher mountains.
Much of the country along the line is wilderness above the timberline. Here you can see Oppland County, showing the valleys, clerical districts, and parishes.
They are of little importance in regard to genealogical research. The next level is the prestegjeld clerical district. A clerical district may have one to several sogn parish. The parish records are the most important genealogical source in Norway. Record keeping varies from one clerical district to another, and from one period to the next, thus in some, all parishes within the clerical district were kept in the same record, while in others, the records of the different parishes were kept separately.
The sogneprest parish priest was the head of the clerical district and sometimes served all the parishes in his district. Sometimes he had one or more residerende kapellan curate serving with him in the annex parishes.
The parish records are the vital records of Norway. He reigned until and was succeeded by his son, Oscar I. The House of Bernadotte reigned in both countries until the dissolution of the union in , when the Norwegians chose Haakon VII to be their king. Margrethe thus became Crown Princess in , a few weeks before her 13th birthday. She ascended the throne in January Prince Henrik died in February The Danish monarchy is among the oldest in the world, having been in continuous existence for over 1, years. The Danish royal family is thus closely related not only to the other Scandinavian monarchies but also to many other European royal houses.
Haust HI Norway in the World, | Høgskulen i Volda
I knew her very well. I have not found much information on my great great grandparents Hall.
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Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Skip to content. Hipple is a freelance writer and photographer who calls both the United States and Sweden home. Raised bilingual and bicultural, she has traveled extensively in Scandinavia, both independently and as a professional tour leader.
Her writing and photography have appeared in a wide range of print and online publications.
For more information, visit her website.
Related Norways Union with Sweden (1814-1905) (Norwegian History)
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