It stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. Hypertext means that the document contains links that allow the reader to jump to other places in the document or to another document altogether. The latest version is known as HTML5. A Markup Language is a way that computers speak to each other to control how text is processed and presented.
To do this HTML uses two things: tags and attributes.
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They work together but perform different functions — it is worth investing 2 minutes in differentiating the two. Tags are used to mark up the start of an HTML element and they are usually enclosed in angle brackets. Attributes contain additional pieces of information. Attributes take the form of an opening tag and additional info is placed inside. However, for this tutorial, we will use the Sublime Text 3 as it is free and also offers cross-platform support for Windows, Mac, and Linux users. It is a tiny program to download and perform the functions you need for writing clean code.
Komodo Edit is one of two editors released by the same label. They offer a simple, open-source editor with a variety of extensions and language support. Your code's front-end view varies from browser to browser — you will learn more about this with advanced CSS. First off, you need to open your HTML editor, where you will find a clean white page on which to write your code.
HTML Tutorial (for Beginners)
These tags should be placed underneath each other at the top of every HTML page that you create. In this case, the language is HTML 5. This includes text, images, tables, forms and everything else that we see on the internet each day. Search engine bots use this order when deciphering which information is most important on a page.
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And hit save. The Moment of Truth : Click the newly saved file and your first ever web page should open in your default browser. When we write text in HTML, we also have a number of other elements we can use to control the text or make it appear in a certain way. Almost everything you click on while surfing the web is a link takes you to another page within the website you are visiting or to an external site. The first part of the attribute points to the page that will open once the link is clicked.
Meanwhile, the second part of the attribute contains the text which will be displayed to a visitor in order to entice them to click on that link. If you are building your own website then you will most likely host all of your pages on professional web hosting. Make a duplicate of the code from your current index. Ensure the folder path to the file page2. Hit save and preview index. If everything is correct then you will see a link which will take you to your second page.
On the second page, there will be a link that will take you to google. The attribute features information for your computer regarding the source , height , width and alt text of the image. You can also define borders and other styles around the image using the class attribute.
However, we shall cover this in a later tutorial. The file types generally used for image files online are :. Alt text is important to ensure that your site is ranked correctly on search sites and also for visually impaired visitors to your site. Don't be afraid to play around with the test code — it's a great way to have fun while learning. Save an image. In web design, there are 3 different types of lists which you may wish to add to your site.
For example:. This is better known as a bullet point list and contains no numbers. Now hit save and check out the results in your browser. If everything worked out then it will display a bullet-pointed table displaying the information above. Another way to keep your website looking neat and orderly is through the use of a table. Do not use a table to layout your website. Search engines hate it and it is generally a bad idea. Just… don't. See our CSS tutorial , instead. This is definitely the most complicated part of this tutorial, however, learning it will certainly pay off in the long-run.
With this in mind, tables can still be a useful way to present content on your page.
HTML for Beginners:
Tables can get quite complicated, so be sure to check out our special HTML tables tutorial. However, watch out for these tags so that you can recognize them and use them as your skills develop. Tables, borders, spacing are usually styled using CSS but we will cover this in a later tutorial. You can now use this knowledge to create your own web pages containing these features and link them together. You may also wish to learn about how to make your pages beautiful using CSS.
Our HTML tutorials teach you how to create a personal website or site for your business, without forcing you to learn unnecessary theory. These tutorials guide you through the process of creating tables for your exact needs. Tables were once the primary means by which pages were laid out. With the adoption of CSS, this is no longer necessary. And for good reason, because this created pages that were almost impossible to maintain.
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At one time, the font was an HTML tag and it made creating maintainable web pages a nightmare. Now we use CSS to set fonts and their attributes like weight, style, and size.
This tutorial assumes you know nothing and gets you going with this essential programming language.
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HTML5 has revolutionized webpage markup with things like semantic and multimedia elements. You need a web browser to view the HTML pages. The web browsers do not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the web pages. This HTML tutorial series covers all the fundamentals of HTML, including the idea of elements and attributes, way of formatting the text using HTML tags, methods of adding the style information to the document, technique of inserting images and tables, process of creating lists and forms as well as method of including other HTML documents inside the current document, and so on.
Once you're familiar with the basics, you'll move on to next level that explains the concept of doctype, methods for creating the web page layouts, importance of adding meta information to the web pages, way of adding scripts, techniques of showing special characters, anatomy of a URL, and more. Finally, you'll explore some advanced features introduced in HTML5 such as new input types, drawing graphics on the webpage, including audios and videos in the document, storing data on client-side using web storage, caching files, performing background work with web worker, as well as getting user's geographical coordinates, creating drag and drop application, and so on.
Tip: Every chapter in this tutorial contains lots of real-world examples that you can try and test using an online editor. These examples will help you to better understand the concept or topic. It also contains smart workarounds as well as useful tips and important notes. Is this website helpful to you? Please give us a like , or share your feedback to help us improve.
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